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Title: Current teaching methods in STEM departments – a road map for fundamental university educational reform: evidence from Lebanon
Authors: Sabat, Mira 
Abdel-Massih, Roula
Kanaan, Amjad 
Salloum, Sara 
Serhan, Mireille 
Fares, Roula
Haddad, Nicolas K. 
Melki, Antoine 
Affiliations: Department of Mathematics 
Faculty of Medicine 
Department of Education 
Department of Nutritional Sciences 
Department of Electrical Engineering 
Department of Computer Science 
Keywords: Active learning
Educational assessment
Teaching practices inventory
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: Emerald
Part of: journal of applied research in higher education
Volume: 14
Issue: 1
Start page: 41
End page: 58
© 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited. Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to: (1) explore existing practices of STEM faculty at a private Lebanese university and (2) assess the extent of implementation of active learning among faculty members of selected STEM departments. Design/methodology/approach: The Working Group on “Integrating Modern Scientific teaching methodologies in STEM” (IM-STEM) at a tertiary university in Lebanon advocates for novel research-based methods to enhance STEM education. This pilot study investigated, using a modified version of the Wieman and Gilbert “Teaching Practices Inventory”, the current teaching methods used by faculty members in selected STEM departments. Findings: Remarkably, most respondents admit a willingness to incorporate new teaching methods. Main findings indicate that traditional teaching via didactic lecturing remains prevalent in the STEM classrooms at the tertiary academic institution in Lebanon despite sporadic individual efforts by faculty members to utilize unconventional methods and active learning. Research limitations/implications: One major limitation that influenced the efficiency of this study is the small number of respondents (71 faculty members). More in-depth data collection combining quantitative and qualitative data should be done in future studies. Practical implications: Gaining insight into the actual methods used in STEM fields in various departments can help the university management to better understand the key importance of educational reform. Originality/value: The main value of this paper is to serve as a prelude for educational reform at a tertiary academic institution.
ISSN: 20507003
DOI: 10.1108/JARHE-09-2020-0307
Open URL: Link to full text
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Department of Computer Science
Faculty of Medicine
Department of Mathematics
Department of Physical Education
Department of Electrical Engineering
Department of Nutritional Sciences

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