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Title: Water quality parameters assessment of ras el-Ain natural ponds, tyr, lebanon
Authors: Khatib, Milad
Daoud, Mohamad
Arairo, Wahib 
Saba, Marianne 
Mortada, Hussein
Affiliations: Department of Civil Engineering and Construction 
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering 
Keywords: Microbiological characterization
Physicochemical characterization
Ras El-Ain ponds
Surface water assessment
Issue Date: 2023-06-01
Part of: Water Supply
Volume: 23
Issue: 6
Start page: 2575
End page: 2585
Lebanon-s natural water resources are facing serious problems related to quality and quantity. Unregulated resource planning and rising demand are the main factors. Water resources are used in several ways. However, due to the over-exploitation, and random use of surface water resources, Lebanon is facing severe problems related to water need and accessibility. This study focused on the Ras El-Ain area located in the South of Lebanon that dedicated, along with other reservoirs, to supply potable water for Tyr and the surrounding villages. Nowadays, the water of these natural ponds has been polluted significantly due to unrestricted liquid and solid waste disposal. Physicochemical and microbiological water characteristics, following the LIBNOR guidelines, of four selected samples from each natural pond were tested. In addition, another sample was taken from a water reservoir that collects water from these natural ponds. The obtained results were used to evaluate the extent of pollution in these natural ponds using PhreeQC software. The novelty of this study stems from the fact that it is the first to shed light on the degree of pollution level in the Ras El-Ain ponds, Lebanon (an unstudied area).
ISSN: 16069749
DOI: 10.2166/ws.2023.140
Open URL: Link to full text
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Department of Civil Engineering and Construction
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

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