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Title: Optimization of mechanism boundary lubrication in fully formulated commercial engine oil using design of experiment
Authors: Nehme, Gabi 
Dib, Micheline
Affiliations: Faculty of Engineering 
Faculty of Arts and Sciences 
Keywords: Boundary Lubrication
Surface Roughness
Issue Date: 2017
Part of: Tribology and Lubrication Technology
Volume: 73
Issue: 8
Start page: 52
End page: 72
Design of experiment (DOE) analysis was used to study the desirability factor between contact loads, oil quantity, and surface roughness. The analysis developed a series of interactions between factors to get the best correlations between contact loads and oil quantity that leads to the stabilization of the tribofilm. A closed-loop boundary condition test was developed to examine the behavior of lubricants under boundary conditions. Polished and unpolished testing specimens were established to show the differences in friction and wear profiles under extreme boundary lubrication. The boundary condition test was very reproducible and can be used to study the mechanism of boundary lubrication. The mechanism of antiwear film formation and breakdown was followed carefully by monitoring the friction coefficient over the duration of the test and running scanning electron microscopy (SEM) on selected tests. The thickness of the boundary layer lubricant, which is determined by the concentration of additives in the supplied oil, is optimized for the polished and unpolished test cylinders. The optimized desirability shows the best loading and oil supply condition that leads to greater consistency in the breakdown of the tribofilm for a fixed contact load and fixed amount of fully formulated zinc dialkyldithiophosphate (ZDDP) oil. The number of cycles to breakdown of the protective tribofilm is also consistent with the applied load for a fixed thickness of the boundary lubrication film. It is evident that at lower contact loads a stable tribofilm rich in phosphorous is formed, whereas at higher contact loads the breakdown of the tribofilm results in wear debris and higher sulfur content on the wear surface
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Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Department of Mechanical Engineering

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