Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scholarhub.balamand.edu.lb/handle/uob/2343
Title: Optimization of Extreme Load and Break-in Period in Plain ZDDP Oil with FeF3 Catalyst Using Design of Experiment and Fundamental Study under Different Speeds
Authors: Nehme, Gabi 
Dib, Micheline
Affiliations: Department of Mechanical Engineering 
Department of Mathematics 
Keywords: Boundary lubrication
Friction
Wear
SEM
EDX
AES
TEM
Issue Date: 2014
Part of: Tribology transactions journal
Volume: 57
Issue: 6
Start page: 1096
End page: 1105
Abstract: 
The mechanism of tribofilm formation and breakdown was carefully followed and studied in 0.1 P% (percentage phosphorus content) plain zinc dialkyldithiophosphate (ZDDP) oil in the presence of iron fluoride (FeF3) catalyst under extreme Hertzian contact pressure (3.0 GPa) and two different rotational speeds or variable speed with break in period (100 rpm for the first 5,000 revolutions and a 700 rpm until failure or 100,000 revolutions, whichever comes first). At the onset of large frictional fluctuations, the contact surface temperature increased significantly and reached 90°C ± 5°C. The present article describes an innovative method of reducing the surface temperature by using a break in period of 2 or 3 min and rerunning the test until failure. The two different rotational speeds or variable speed will be compared to a steady-state speed of 700 rpm. Thermal decomposition of ZDDP is examined in the presence of powder and dispersed FeF3 using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Surface analyses were carried out using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) coupled with X-ray of the wear tracks, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and auger electron spectroscopy (AES). Results showed that submicrometer dispersed FeF3 provided excellent wear protection when combined with ZDDP in the variable-speed test with break-in by forming a tribofilm that is amorphous in nature and rich in phosphorus, which was shown by the TEM and X-ray analyses.
URI: https://scholarhub.balamand.edu.lb/handle/uob/2343
DOI: 10.1080/10402004.2014.931498
Ezproxy URL: Link to full text
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Department of Mechanical Engineering

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