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|Title:||Application of Stochastic Finite Element Modeling to Reinforced Lightweight Concrete Beams Containing Expanded Polystyrene Beads||Authors:||Ghannoum, Maria
|Affiliations:||Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
|Keywords:||Deterministic finite element
Recycled expanded polystyren
Reinforced concrete beams
Stochastic finite element
|Issue Date:||2023-09-01||Publisher:||MDPI||Part of:||Buildings||Volume:||13||Issue:||9||Abstract:||
Limited investigations have evaluated the effect of expanded polystyrene (EPS) beads on the structural lightweight concrete properties. EPS offers many features compared to natural or artificial lightweight aggregates including the elimination of aggregate saturation prior to concrete batching, ability to be fabricated on site, consistency in size and quality, and reduced cost. The main objective of this paper is to assess the suitability of finite element (FE) modeling based on deterministic and stochastic approaches to predict the shear strength behavior of reinforced concrete (RC) beams containing EPS additions. Test results showed that the experimental load-deflection properties recorded at failure can be well reproduced using both FE approaches. Nevertheless, the damaged-zone distribution and crack patterns that occur during the loading stages of RC beams cannot be approximated using the deterministic FE approach. In contrast, the stochastic method was quite suitable as it accounted for the concrete heterogeneity and altered spatial mechanical properties (such as compressive strength, splitting tensile strength, and Young’s modulus) due to EPS additions. Such data can be of interest to civil engineers seeking to predict the failure patterns and performance of structural lightweight members while reducing the time and resources needed to account for the concrete’s strength variability during experimental testing.
|URI:||https://scholarhub.balamand.edu.lb/handle/uob/7054||DOI:||10.3390/buildings13092294||Open URL:||Link to full text||Type:||Journal Article|
|Appears in Collections:||Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering|
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checked on Dec 1, 2023
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