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Title: Application of Stochastic Finite Element Modeling to Reinforced Lightweight Concrete Beams Containing Expanded Polystyrene Beads
Authors: Ghannoum, Maria 
Abdelkhalek, Lara
Assaad, Joseph 
Affiliations: Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering 
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering 
Keywords: Deterministic finite element
Recycled expanded polystyren
Reinforced concrete beams
Shear strength
Stochastic finite element
Issue Date: 2023-09-01
Publisher: MDPI
Part of: Buildings
Volume: 13
Issue: 9
Limited investigations have evaluated the effect of expanded polystyrene (EPS) beads on the structural lightweight concrete properties. EPS offers many features compared to natural or artificial lightweight aggregates including the elimination of aggregate saturation prior to concrete batching, ability to be fabricated on site, consistency in size and quality, and reduced cost. The main objective of this paper is to assess the suitability of finite element (FE) modeling based on deterministic and stochastic approaches to predict the shear strength behavior of reinforced concrete (RC) beams containing EPS additions. Test results showed that the experimental load-deflection properties recorded at failure can be well reproduced using both FE approaches. Nevertheless, the damaged-zone distribution and crack patterns that occur during the loading stages of RC beams cannot be approximated using the deterministic FE approach. In contrast, the stochastic method was quite suitable as it accounted for the concrete heterogeneity and altered spatial mechanical properties (such as compressive strength, splitting tensile strength, and Young’s modulus) due to EPS additions. Such data can be of interest to civil engineers seeking to predict the failure patterns and performance of structural lightweight members while reducing the time and resources needed to account for the concrete’s strength variability during experimental testing.
DOI: 10.3390/buildings13092294
Open URL: Link to full text
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

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