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Title: A comparative review on methods of detection and quantification of mycotoxins in solid food and feed: a focus on cereals and nuts
Authors: Dib, Alaa Abou
Assaf, Jean Claude
Debs, Esperance 
Khatib, Sami El
Louka, Nicolas
Khoury, André El
Affiliations: Department of Biology 
Keywords: Cereals and nuts
Solid food and feed
Issue Date: 2023-01-31
Publisher: Springer
Part of: Mycotoxin Research
Volume: 39
Start page: 319
End page: 345
Many emerging factors and circumstances urge the need to develop and optimize the detection and quantification techniques of mycotoxins in solid food and feed. The diversity of mycotoxins, which have different properties and affinities, makes the standardization of the analytical procedures and the adoption of a single protocol that covers the attributes of all mycotoxins a tedious or even an impossible mission. Several modifications and improvements have been undergone in order to optimize the performance of these methods including the extraction solvents, the extraction methods, the clean-up procedures, and the analytical techniques. The techniques range from the rapid screening methods, which lack sensitivity and specificity such as TLC, to a spectrum of more advanced protocols, namely, ELISA, HPLC, and GC-MS and LC-MS/MS. This review aims at assessing the current studies related to these analytical techniques of mycotoxins in solid food and feed. It discusses and evaluates, through a critical approach, various sample treatment techniques, and provides an in-depth examination of different mycotoxin detection methods. Furthermore, it includes a comparison of their actual accuracy and a thorough analysis of the observed benefits and drawbacks.
ISSN: 01787888
DOI: 10.1007/s12550-023-00501-6
Open URL: Link to full text
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Department of Biology

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