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Title: Multi-Response Optimization of Semi-Lightweight Concrete Incorporating Expanded Polystyrene Beads
Authors: El-Mir, Abdulkader 
Fayad, Elias
Assaad, Joseph 
El-Hassan, Hilal
Affiliations: Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering 
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering 
Keywords: Durability
Expanded polystyrene
Lightweight concrete
Issue Date: 2023-05-29
Publisher: MDPI
Part of: Sustainability (Switzerland)
Volume: 15
Issue: 11
The utilization of expanded polystyrene (EPS) beads in semi-lightweight concrete (SLC) intended for repair and building applications has gained great attention in recent years. This study examines the effect of mix design parameters including binder content, water-to-binder ratio (w/b), EPS content, and silica fume (SF) additions on the mechanical properties and durability of SLC mixtures. The experimental program was carried out following the Taguchi approach for four parameters, each having three levels, to produce an L9 orthogonal array. The performance criteria under investigation were the superplasticizer demand, density, compressive strength, splitting tensile strength, ultrasonic pulse velocity, water absorption, sorptivity, and abrasion resistance. Test results showed that the w/b and EPS content were the most contributing parameters that altered the SLCs performance. The multi-response optimization method (TOPSIS) revealed that superior performance could be achieved using a binder content of 375 kg/m3, a w/b of 0.45, an EPS content of 3 kg/m3, and a SF replacement rate of 8%. The mix design parameters were utilized to create multivariate regression models to predict the SLCs mechanical and durability properties. Such data can be of particular benefit to engineers seeking the use of lightweight materials for sustainable construction with optimized durability and a reduced cement carbon footprint.
DOI: 10.3390/su15118757
Open URL: Link to full text
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

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