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Title: Alternatives to Enhance the Structural Performance of PET-Modified Reinforced Concrete Beams
Authors: Assaad, Joseph 
Khalil, Mario
Khatib, Jamal
Affiliations: Faculty of Engineering 
Keywords: Concrete
Flexural strength
PET waste
SBR polymers
Shear strength
Steel fibers
Issue Date: 2022
Part of: Environments - MDPI
Volume: 9
Issue: 3
Numerous studies investigated the possibility of incorporating plastic wastes in concrete mixtures, thus contributing to efficient management and sustainable development of the construction industry. This paper investigates the possibility of reducing the water-to-cement ratio and/or incorporating steel fibers or polymeric latexes to mitigate the drop in structural properties of reinforced concrete (RC) beams containing polyethylene terephthalate (PET) additions. The PET was derived from waste plastic bottles that were shredded into small pieces and added during concrete batching at 1.5% to 4.5%, by total volume. Test results showed that the concrete plain and structural properties degrade with PET additions, given their lightweight nature and poor characteristic strength compared to aggregate particles. The reduction of w/c from 0.55 to 0.46 proved efficient to refine the matrix porosity and reinstate the shear and flexural strengths of RC beams. Moreso, the incorporation of 0.8% steel fibers (by volume) or 15% styrene-butadiene rubber latexes (by mixing water) were efficient to enhance the bridging phenomenon and reduce the propagation of cracks during beam testing.
DOI: 10.3390/environments9030037
Open URL: Link to full text
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

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