Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scholarhub.balamand.edu.lb/handle/uob/2713
Title: Vipers of the Middle East : A Rich Source of Bioactive Molecules
Authors: Rima, Mohamad
Alavi Naini, Seyedeh Maryam
Karam, Marc 
Sadek, Riyad
Sabatier, Jean Mark
Fajloun, Ziad
Affiliations: Department of Biology 
Keywords: Montivipera bornmuelleri
Macrovipera lebetina
Vipera (Daboia) palaestinae
Viper
Subjects: Snakes--Venom
Issue Date: 2018
Part of: Journal of molecules
Volume: 23
Issue: 10
Abstract: 
Snake venom serves as a tool of defense against threat and helps in prey digestion. It consists of a mixture of enzymes, such as phospholipase A2, metalloproteases, and l-amino acid oxidase, and toxins, including neurotoxins and cytotoxins. Beside their toxicity, venom components possess many pharmacological effects and have been used to design drugs and as biomarkers of diseases. Viperidae is one family of venomous snakes that is found nearly worldwide. However, three main vipers exist in the Middle Eastern region: Montivipera bornmuelleri, Macrovipera lebetina, and Vipera (Daboia) palaestinae. The venoms of these vipers have been the subject of many studies and are considered as a promising source of bioactive molecules. In this review, we present an overview of these three vipers, with a special focus on their venom composition as well as their biological activities, and we discuss further frameworks for the exploration of each venom.
URI: https://scholarhub.balamand.edu.lb/handle/uob/2713
Open URL: Link to full text
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Department of Biology

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