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dc.contributor.authorRima, Mohamaden_US
dc.contributor.authorAlavi Naini, Seyedeh Maryamen_US
dc.contributor.authorKaram, Marcen_US
dc.contributor.authorSadek, Riyaden_US
dc.contributor.authorSabatier, Jean Marken_US
dc.contributor.authorFajloun, Ziaden_US
dc.description.abstractSnake venom serves as a tool of defense against threat and helps in prey digestion. It consists of a mixture of enzymes, such as phospholipase A2, metalloproteases, and l-amino acid oxidase, and toxins, including neurotoxins and cytotoxins. Beside their toxicity, venom components possess many pharmacological effects and have been used to design drugs and as biomarkers of diseases. Viperidae is one family of venomous snakes that is found nearly worldwide. However, three main vipers exist in the Middle Eastern region: Montivipera bornmuelleri, Macrovipera lebetina, and Vipera (Daboia) palaestinae. The venoms of these vipers have been the subject of many studies and are considered as a promising source of bioactive molecules. In this review, we present an overview of these three vipers, with a special focus on their venom composition as well as their biological activities, and we discuss further frameworks for the exploration of each venom.en_US
dc.subjectMontivipera bornmuellerien_US
dc.subjectMacrovipera lebetinaen_US
dc.subjectVipera (Daboia) palaestinaeen_US
dc.titleVipers of the middle east: a rich source of bioactive moleculesen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.contributor.affiliationDepartment of Biologyen_US
dc.relation.ispartoftextJournal of moleculesen_US
dc.provenance.recordsourceOliben_US of Arts and Sciences-
Appears in Collections:Department of Biology
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