Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scholarhub.balamand.edu.lb/handle/uob/7205
Title: Exploring the influence of gender diversity and women's empowerment on family entrepreneurship performance: the moderating impact of firm characteristic
Authors: Skaf, Yahya
El Abiad, Zouhour
El Chaarani, Hani
El Nemar, Sam
Vrontis, Demetris
Affiliations: Department of Business Administration 
Keywords: Family entrepreneurship
Gender diversity
Performance
Women empowerment
Issue Date: 2024-01-01
Publisher: Emerald
Part of: Journal of Asia Business Studies
Abstract: 
Purpose
This paper aims to examine how gender diversity and women’s empowerment influence the performance of family entrepreneurships and explores the role of firm characteristics as a moderating factor.

Design/methodology/approach
The study used a structured questionnaire as the survey tool to collect data from 91 women managers working in family entrepreneurships, which originated from entrepreneurial initiatives, located in various Lebanese regions. The validity of the construct was assumed using the fitness of extracted index, incremental fit-index, non-normal fit-index, root mean square of residuals and standard root mean square residual. Composite reliability, Cronbach's alpha and value confirmatory factor analysis were used to measure the internal consistency. Data were analyzed using the structural equation modeling method.

Findings
This study reveals that gender equality, education level and family support significantly affect women's empowerment while an insignificant association was found between empowerment and earning social status and achieving financial independence. This paper also showed a significant interaction between women’s empowerment and the performance of family entrepreneurships. Additionally, the results showed that women holding managerial positions in family entrepreneurships is positively associated with firm performance. Finally, it was concluded that the location of the family firm moderates the relationship between gender diversity and firm performance.

Originality/value
This research contributes to theory and practice regarding the role of women in family entrepreneurships and sheds light on gender differences influencing family entrepreneurships and women empowerment issues.
URI: https://scholarhub.balamand.edu.lb/handle/uob/7205
ISSN: 15587894
DOI: 10.1108/JABS-10-2023-0451
Ezproxy URL: Link to full text
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Department of Business Administration

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