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|Title:||Comparative Analysis between Genetic Algorithm and Simulated Annealing-Based Frameworks for Optimal Sensor Placement and Structural Health Monitoring Purposes||Authors:||Nasr, Dana
Dahr, Reina El
|Affiliations:||Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Ensemble Kalman filter
Optimal sensor placement
Structural health monitoring
|Issue Date:||2022||Publisher:||MDPI||Part of:||Buildings||Volume:||12||Issue:||9||Abstract:||
The arbitrary placement of sensors in concrete structures measures a considerable amount of unnecessary data. Optimal sensor placement methods are used to provide informative data with the least cost and maximum efficiency. In this study, a robust optimal sensor placement framework that combines an optimization-based algorithm, the simulated annealing (SA) algorithm, and the ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF) are presented for structural health monitoring and system identification. The SA algorithm randomly generates an initial population of sensor locations, while the framework undergoes a minimization process. The objective function used is the difference between the actual measured data and their corresponding EnKF predicted values. A comparative analysis between the genetic algorithm–ensemble Kalman filter (GA-EnKF) and the simulated annealing–ensemble Kalman filter (SA-EnKF) approaches is presented. The performance and computational burden of both algorithms, which converge to the best sensor locations for damage detection purposes, are tested on a 10-story building subjected to a seismic excitation. The results are compared to the optimal sensor locations of the brute-force search methodology. The GA-EnKF outperforms the SA-EnKF in terms of accuracy in converging to the optimal results, yet the computational cost of the SA-EnKF is considerably lower.
|URI:||https://scholarhub.balamand.edu.lb/handle/uob/6087||DOI:||10.3390/buildings12091383||Open URL:||Link to full text||Type:||Journal Article|
|Appears in Collections:||Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering|
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