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Title: Current Trends in Hospital Pharmacy Practice in Lebanon
Authors: Chamoun, Nibal
Usta, Ulfat
Karaoui, Lamis R
Salameh, Pascale
Hallit, Souheil
Shuhaiber, Patricia
Henaine, Anna-Maria
Akiki, Youssef
Zeenny, Rony M
Iskandar, Katia
Affiliations: Faculty of Business and Management 
Keywords: Lebanon
Nonteaching hospitals
Patient safety
Pharmacy practice
Teaching hospitals
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: SAGE
Part of: Hospital pharmacy
Volume: 55
Issue: 2
Start page: 112
End page: 118
Objectives: For decades, the role of hospital pharmacists has been instrumental in elevating pharmacy practice worldwide. Recently, the Hospital Pharmacy Section of the International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP), the European Association of Hospital Pharmacists (EAHP), and the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP) updated their statements about the future role and responsibilities of the pharmacy executive in hospitals and health systems. A series of surveys were conducted around the globe to better understand the current state of hospital pharmacy practice. The purpose of these surveys was to identify challenges in hospital pharmacy practice and to develop improvement strategies. The objective of this national survey is to evaluate hospital pharmacy practice in Lebanon. Methods: A cross-sectional observational study was performed among pharmacists working in hospital settings in Lebanon, from January through June 2016. Based on a literature review, a questionnaire to elicit Lebanese hospital pharmacists' practice was developed. Results: The results showed a nonsignificant difference between university teaching and nonuniversity teaching hospitals in the processes of drug procurement, preparation, dispensing, and drug administration. However, statistically significant differences were observed between university teaching and nonuniversity teaching hospitals with respect to having clinical pharmacists (P < .001) and highly qualified personnel (P < .005). Pharmacy services in teaching hospitals seemed to be more advanced cooperating with affiliated medical schools. Furthermore, teaching hospitals were more likely to have pharmacists providing information about the safety of the medications used (P = .029). Although not statistically significant, there was a higher trend toward having a designated champion for medication safety (P = .052). Conclusion: The results of our survey showed that teaching hospitals were more compliant with the International Statements of Hospital Pharmacy Practice compared with nonteaching hospitals. There is room for improvement especially if the application of the accreditation standards for safe hospital pharmacy practice becomes mandatory for all hospitals, which is expected to standardize pharmacy practice and secure both medication and patient safety.
ISSN: 0018-5787
DOI: 10.1177/0018578718823733
Ezproxy URL: Link to full text
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Department of Business Administration

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