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Title: New insights on the vane method to evaluate yield stress of cementitious mortars
Authors: Assaad, Joseph 
Affiliations: Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering 
Keywords: Cement paste (D)
Direct shear test
Static yield stress
Issue Date: 2020
Part of: Journal of testing and evaluation
Volume: 48
Issue: 2
The yield stress (τ0) of cementitious materials has a direct influence on concrete casting and postcasting processes, such as stability, formwork pressure, interfacial bond strength between successive lifts, and bond to embedded steel bars. This article provides new insights for reliable τ0 measurements using the four-bladed vane method; it compares the effect of vane configuration (i.e., slotted versus nonslotted) and positioning (i.e., immersed in specimen versus placed flush with upper material surface) on τ0 responses. Test results have shown that the elastic-to-plastic transition region in τ0 profiles occurs progressively with the nonslotted vane, whereas it becomes more abrupt with the slotted vane. The presence of slots is believed to reduce the end effects and strengthen the assumption of shearing that takes place within the suspension along uniform stresses distributed at the cylindrical vane surfaces. For the given configuration, positioning the vane flush with the upper mortar surface minimized the effect of normal stresses on torque measurements, which resulted in decreased τ0 values. Useful equations with good correlation coefficients are established between τ0 measurements with respect to mortar composition, flow, and vane positioning.
Open URL: Link to full text
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

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