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Title: Engineering graduates' skill sets in the MENA region: a gap analysis of industry expectations and satisfaction
Authors: Ramadi, Eric
Ramadi, Serge
Nasr, Karim 
Affiliations: Department of Mechanical Engineering 
Keywords: Engineering education
Employment potential
Job skills
Curriculum development
Employer attitudes
Issue Date: 2016
Part of: European journal of engineering education
Volume: 41
Issue: 1
Start page: 34
End page: 52
This study explored gaps between industry expectations and perceptions of engineering graduates skill sets in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. This study measured the importance that managers of engineers placed on 36 skills relevant to engineers. Also measured was managers satisfaction with engineering graduates skill sets. Importance and satisfaction were used to calculate skill gaps for each skill. A principal components analysis was then performed, consolidating the 36 skills into 8 categories. The means of importance, satisfaction, and skill gaps were ranked to determine the areas in which graduates needed improvement. Results showed significant gaps between managers expectations of and satisfaction with all 36 skills. The areas in which managers felt that graduates needed most improvement were communication, time management, and continuous learning. Managers reported that recent engineering graduates exhibited low overall preparedness for employment. These findings may help to inform curricular reform in engineering education.
DOI: 10.1080/03043797.2015.1012707
Ezproxy URL: Link to full text
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Department of Mechanical Engineering

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