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Title: Phosphorylated chitin from shrimp shell waste: A robust solution for cadmium remediation
Authors: Charii, Hassan
Boussetta, Abdelghani
Benali, Kamal
Essifi, Kamal
Mennani, Mehdi
Benhamou, Anass Ait
Zakhem, Henri El 
Sehaqui, Houssine
El Achaby, Mounir
Grimi, Nabil
Boutoial, Khalid
Ablouh, El-Houssaine
Moubarik, Amine
Affiliations: Department of Chemical Engineering 
Keywords: Adsorption kinetics
Phosphorylated chitin
Removal efficiency
Shrimp shell waste
Issue Date: 2024-04-27
Publisher: National Library of Medicine
Part of: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Volume: 268
In this work, chitin (CT) was isolated from shrimp shell waste (SSW) and was then phosphorylated using diammonium hydrogen phosphate (DAP) as a phosphorylating agent in the presence of urea. The prepared samples were characterized using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and EDX-element mapping, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR), X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA/DTG), conductometric titration, Degree of Substitution (DS) and contact angle measurements. The results of characterization techniques reveal the successful extraction and phosphorylation of chitin. The charge content of the phosphorylated chitin (P-CT) was 1.510 mmol·kg-1, the degree of substitution of phosphorus groups grafted on the CT surface achieved the value of 0.33. The adsorption mechanisms appeared to involve electrostatic attachment, specific adsorption (CdO or hydroxyl binding), and ion exchange. Regarding the adsorption of Cd2+, the effect of the adsorbent mass, initial concentration of Cd2+, contact time, pH, and temperature were studied in batch experiments, and optimum values for each parameter were identified. The experimental results revealed that P-CT enhanced the Cd2+ removal capacity by 17.5 %. The kinetic analyses favored the pseudo-second-order model over the pseudo-first-order model for describing the adsorption process accurately. Langmuir model aptly represented the adsorption isotherms, suggesting unimolecular layer adsorption with a maximum capacity of 62.71 mg·g-1 under optimal conditions of 30 °C, 120 min, pH 8, and a P-CT dose of 3 g·L-1. Regeneration experiments evidenced that P-CT can be used for 6 cycles without significant removal capacity loss. Consequently, P-CT presents an efficient and cost-effective potential biosorbent for Cd2+ removal in wastewater treatment applications.
ISSN: 01418130
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2024.131855
Open URL: Link to full text
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Department of Chemical Engineering

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