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Title: Effects of the Type of Exercise Training on Bone Health Parameters in Adolescent Girls: A Systematic Review
Authors: Berro, Abdel Jalil
El Hawly, Wassim
El Khoury, Gisèle
El Hage, Zaher
Jayavel, Ayyappan
Saeidi, Ayoub
Laher, Ismail
Pinti, Antonio
Bassim, Youssef 
Hackney, Anthony C
Granacher, Urs
Zouhal, Hassane
Hage, Rawad El 
Affiliations: Faculty of Medicine 
Department of Physical Education 
Keywords: Bone mineral density
Mechanical loading
Peak bone mass
Prevention of osteoporosis
Issue Date: 2024-01-24
Part of: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
Volume: 27
Issue: 1
Interventional studies offer strong evidence for exercise's osteogenic impact on bone particularly during growth. With rising osteoporosis rates in older women, enhancing bone strength early in life is crucial. Thus, investigating the osteogenic effects of different types of physical activities in young females is crucial. Despite varied findings, only two systematic reviews tried to explore this topic without examining how different types of exercise may affect bone health in adolescent girls. The first aim of this systematic review was to assess the impact of exercise training on bone health parameters in adolescent girls, and the second aim was to investigate whether the type of exercise training can modulate this effect. A systematic literature search was conducted using common electronic databases from inception - January 2023. Seven studies (355 participants) were eligible for inclusion in this systematic review. Two studies dealt with resistance training, 3 studies applied plyometric training, 1 study used team sports, and 1 study used dancing. Results indicate that plyometric training increases lumbar spine bone mass in adolescent girls. Well-designed randomized controlled trials with a proper training period (> 12 weeks) are needed to advocate a specific type of training which has the highest osteogenic effect.
ISSN: 1094-6950
DOI: 10.1016/j.jocd.2023.101454
Open URL: Link to full text
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medicine
Department of Physical Education

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