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Title: Supporting Syrian families displaced by armed conflict : A pilot randomized controlled trial of the Caregiver Support Intervention
Authors: Miller, Kenneth W
Koppenol-Gonzalez, Gabriela V.
Arnous, Maguy
Tossyeh, Fadila
Chen, Alexandra
Nahas, Nayla G. 
Jordans, Mark J.D
Affiliations: Department of Psychology 
Issue Date: 2020
Part of: Child abuse & neglect international journal
Volume: 106
Start page: 1
End page: 13
Background The impact of armed conflict and displacement on childrens mental health is strongly mediated by compromised parenting stemming from persistently high caregiver stress. Parenting interventions for refugees emphasize the acquisition of parenting knowledge and skills, while overlooking the deleterious effects of chronic stress on parenting. War Child Hollands Caregiver Support Intervention (CSI) aims to strengthen parenting by lowering stress and improving psychosocial wellbeing among refugee parents, while also increasing knowledge and skill related to positive parenting. The CSI is a nine-session group intervention delivered by non-specialist providers. Objective We describe the findings of a two-arm pilot randomized controlled trial of the CSI with Syrian refugees in Lebanon. The primary aim was to test the feasibility of our study methodology prior to conducting a definitive RCT. Methods We recruited 78 families (151 parents), who were randomized to the CSI or a waitlist control group. Data were collected at baseline and post-intervention. Results Randomization was successful, retention was high (99 %), as was intervention completion (95 % among women, 86 % among men). Implementation fidelity was excellent. Blinding was largely, though not completely effective. The CSI group showed significantly increased parental warmth and responsiveness, decreased harsh parenting, lowered stress and distress, improved psychosocial wellbeing, and improved stress management. CSI parents reported increased child psychosocial wellbeing. Control families showed no significant change on any variable. Conclusions Findings demonstrate the feasibility of our methodology for a definitive RCT, and suggest that the CSI shows promise as a scalable approach to strengthening parenting in refugee communities.
DOI: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104512
Ezproxy URL: Link to full text
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Department of Psychology

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