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|Title:||Geometric indices of hip bone strength in male professional soccer players||Authors:||Hage, Rawad El
|Affiliations:||Department of Physical Education
Department of Physical Education
|Keywords:||Peak bone mass
|Subjects:||Physical activities||Issue Date:||2014||Part of:||Lebanese medical journal||Volume:||62||Issue:||4||Start page:||207||End page:||212||Abstract:||
Aim of the study : The aim of this study was to compare geometric indices of hip bone strength in male professional soccer players and controls. Methods : Twenty- three male professional soccer players and 21 male seden-tary subjects whose ages range between 18 and 30 years participated in this study. Weight and height were measured, and body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Daily calcium intake and physical activity were evaluated using validated questionnaires. Hip bone mineral density was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). To evaluate hip bone geometry, DXA scans were analyzed at the narrow-neck (NN), the intertrochanteric (IT) region and the femoral shaft (FS) by the Hip Structure Analysis (HSA) program. Cross sec- tional area (CSA), an index of axial compression strength, cross sectional moment of inertia (CSMI), an index of struc- tural rigidity, section modulus (Z), an index of bending strength, cortical thickness (CT) and buckling ratio (BR) were mea- sured from bone mass profiles. Results : CSA, CSMI, Z and CT of the three regions (NN, IT and FS) were higher in soccer players compared to controls. After adjustment for either age, body weight, height or physical activity duration (h/week), CSA, CSMI, Z and CT of the three regions remained higher in soccer players compared to controls. Conclusion : This study suggests that, in young adult males, soccer practice is associated with greater axial strength, bending strength and structural rigidity indices at the hip.
|URI:||https://scholarhub.balamand.edu.lb/handle/uob/2043||Open URL:||Link to full text||Type:||Journal Article|
|Appears in Collections:||Department of Physical Education|
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