Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scholarhub.balamand.edu.lb/handle/uob/1970
Title: Evaluating exposure to land degradation in association with repetitive armed conflicts in North Lebanon using multi-temporal satellite data
Authors: Mitri, George 
Nader, Manal 
Van Der Molen, Irna
Lovett, Jonathan
Affiliations: Institute of Environment 
Institute of Environment 
Keywords: Armed conflicts
Exposure to land degradation
Fire risk
Change detection
Satellite remote sensing
Geographic object-based image analysis
Issue Date: 2014
Part of: Journal of environmental monitoring and assessment
Volume: 186
Issue: 11
Start page: 7655
End page: 7672
Abstract: 
Repetitive armed conflicts may be directly and indirectly responsible for severe biophysical modification to the environment. This, in turn, makes land more susceptible to degradation. Mapping and monitoring land degradation are essential for designing and implementing post-conflict recovery plans and informed policy decisions. The aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of repetitive armed conflicts on land degradation along the coastal zone of North Lebanon using multi-temporal satellite data. The specific objectives were to (1) identify a list of indicators for use in conjunction with satellite remote sensing, (2) monitor land cover change throughout repetitive events of armed conflicts and (3) model the effect of repetitive armed conflicts on land degradation. The methodology of work comprised the use of multi-temporal Landsat images and literature review data in GEographic Object-Based Image Analysis (GEOBIA) approach. The work resulted in the development of (1) a list of indicators to be employed, (2) land cover change detection maps with the use of multi-temporal Landsat images and, consequently, a fire risk associated with changes in vegetation cover throughout repetitive armed conflict events, and (3) an integrated approach for modelling the effect of repetitive armed conflicts on land degradation with the use of a composite land degradation index (CLDI). The final synthetic map showed four classes of exposure to land degradation associated with repetitive armed conflicts. Data collected from field visits showed that the final classification results highly reflected (average of 90 %) the effect of repetitive armed conflicts on the different classes of exposure to land degradation.
URI: https://scholarhub.balamand.edu.lb/handle/uob/1970
Ezproxy URL: Link to full text
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Institute of Environment

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