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Title: Does the severity of obesity influence bone mineral density values in premenopausal women?
Authors: Hammoud, Emneh
Toumi, Hechmi
Jacob, Christophe 
Pinti, Antonio
Lespessailles, Eric
Hage, Rawad El 
Affiliations: Department of Physical Education 
Department of Physical Education 
Keywords: Body mass index
Fat mass excess
Osteoporosis prevention
Issue Date: 2021
Part of: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
Volume: 24
Issue: 2
Start page: 225
End page: 232
The aim of this study was to compare bone mineral content (BMC), bone mineral density (BMD), and geometric indices of hip bone strength among 3 groups of adult obese premenopausal women (severely obese, morbidly obese, and super morbidly obese). This study included 65 young adult premenopausal women whose body mass index (BMI) > 35 kg/m2. They were divided into 3 groups using international cut-offs for BMI. Body composition and bone variables were measured by DXA. DXA measurements were completed for the whole body (WB), lumbar spine, total hip (TH), and femoral neck (FN). Geometric indices of FN strength (cross-sectional area, cross-sectional moment of inertia [CSMI], section modulus [Z], strength index [SI], and buckling ratio) were calculated by DXA. Results showed that age and height were not significantly different among the 3 groups. WB BMC values were higher in super morbidly obese women compared to severely and morbidly obese women. WB BMD, L1-L4 BMD, total hip BMD, FN BMD, cross-sectional area, CSMI, Z, and buckling ratio values were not significantly different among the 3 groups. SI values were lower in super morbidly obese compared to morbidly and severely obese women. In the whole population (n = 65), body weight, BMI, lean mass, fat mass, and trunk fat mass were positively correlated to WB BMC and negatively correlated to SI. Weight and lean mass were positively correlated to WB BMD and CSMI. Our findings suggest that the severity of obesity does not influence BMD values in premenopausal women.
Open URL: Link to full text
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Department of Physical Education

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