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Title: Developing capacities in aging studies in the middle east: implementation of an arabic version of the CANE IV among community-dwelling older adults in Lebanon
Authors: Abi Habib, Laurie E.
Chemaitelly, Hiam S
Jaalouk, Lina Y 
Karam, Nadim E
Affiliations: Department of Public Health 
Department of Public Health 
Keywords: Elderly
Research tools
Social determinants
Subjects: Needs assessment
Issue Date: 2011
Part of: Journal of aging & mental health
Volume: 15
Issue: 5
Start page: 605
End page: 617
Objective: To assess the feasibility, reliability, and construct validity of the Camberwell Assessment of Need for the Elderly (CANE) in identifying needs among community-dwelling older adults in South Lebanon with a view towards expanding ageing research in the country. Methods: A cross-sectional study was undertaken with 322 individuals, using the CANE, the EQ5d and a socio-demographic questionnaire. Reliability was determined through measuring internal consistency of the CANE. Construct validity was performed through examining CANE inter-item correlations, and comparing correlations with the EQ5d and socio-demographic indicators. A factor analysis was conducted using varimax orthogonal rotation. Results: Cronbach alpha was 0.71. For construct validity, correlations were highest in items measuring needs in looking after the house and food (r = 0.557); company and intimate relationships (r = 0.572); and medication and written/verbal information (r = 0.586). Moderate correlations were found with EQ5d items assessing the same measure, including: EQ5d 'problems taking care of self and CANE self-care (r = 0.578) and daytime activities (r = 0.523); EQ5d 'problems performing usual activities and CANE daytime activities (r = 0.553), self-care (r = 0.511) and mobility (r = 0.500); and EQ5d 'problems while walking and CANE mobility/falls (r = 0.509). Corresponding items of the CANE and EQ-5d were significantly correlated with similar socio-demographic variables. The factor analysis supported results obtained in the CANE inter-item correlations. Conclusions: The Arabic version of the CANE appears acceptable in assessing needs of older adults in South Lebanon. Given that the CANE is an interesting tool that promotes the integration of older persons perspectives for appropriate interventions, further research is recommended to establish its validity and applicability in other communities in Lebanon and the region.
DOI: 10.1080/13607863.2011.562351
Ezproxy URL: Link to full text
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Department of Public Health

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