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|Title:||CYP2E1 and NQO1 genotypes and bladder cancer risk in a Lebanese population||Authors:||Hussein, Basma A
Kobeissi, Loulou H
Jabbour, Michel E
Moussa, Mohamad A
|Affiliations:||Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences||Keywords:||Cytochrome P450 CYP2E1
|Subjects:||Bladder--Cancer||Issue Date:||2013||Part of:||International journal of molecular epidemiology and genetics||Volume:||4||Issue:||4||Start page:||207||End page:||217||Abstract:||
Urinary bladder cancer incidence in Lebanon ranks among the highest in the world. Cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1), NAD(P)H quinone oxidoreductase1 (NQO1), and N-Acetyltransferase1 (NAT1), are drug-metabolizing enzymes (DMEs) involved in the metabolism of carcinogens, such as arylamines and heterocyclic amines, implicated in bladder cancer. The present study attempts to investigate the role of these DMEs genetic polymorphism in bladder cancer risk among Lebanese men. 54 cases and 106 controls were recruited from two hospitals in Beirut. An interview-based questionnaire was administered to assess suspected environmental and occupational risk factors. PCR-RFLP was performed on blood-based DNA samples to determine DMEs genotypes. Associations between bladder cancer and putative risk factors were measured using adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Results showed CYP2E1 c1/c1, NAT1*14A, and smoking, to be risk factors for bladder cancer. No significant differences in frequency distribution of the NQO1 genotypes were found in cases versus controls. The odds of carrying the CYP2E1 c1/c1 genotype were 4 times higher in cases compared to controls (OR=3.97, 95% CI: 0.48-32.7). The odds of carrying at least one NAT1*14A allele were 14 times higher in cases versus controls (OR=14.4, 95% CI: 1.016-204.9). Our study suggests CYP2E1 c1/c1, NAT1*14A, and smoking, as potential risk factors for bladder cancer in Lebanese. Further studies with larger samples must be conducted to confirm these findings.
|URI:||https://scholarhub.balamand.edu.lb/handle/uob/1818||Open URL:||Link to full text||Type:||Journal Article|
|Appears in Collections:||Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences|
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