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Title: Cyclic GMP modulates the expression of Gi-protein and adenylyl cyclase signaling in vascular smooth muscle cells
Authors: Bassil, Marcel
Anand-Srivastava, Madhu B.
Affiliations: Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences 
Keywords: CGMP
G protein
Adenylyl cyclase
Issue Date: 2007
Part of: Cell biochem and bioph
Volume: 47
Issue: 1
Start page: 99
End page: 108
We have recently shown that the nitric oxide (NO) donor, SNAP, decreased the expression of Giα proteins and associated functions in vascular smooth muscle cells. Because NO stimulates soluble guanylyl cyclase and increases the levels of guanosine 3ʹ,5ʹ-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP), the present studies were undertaken to investigate whether cGMP can also modulate the expression of Gi proteins and associated adenylyl cyclase signaling. A10 vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and primary cultured cells from aorta of Sprague Dawley rats were used for these studies. The cells were treated with 8-bromoguanosine 3ʹ,5ʹ-cyclic monophosphate (8Br-cGMP) for 24 h and the expression of Giα proteins was determined by immunobloting techniques. Adenylyl cyclase activity was determined by measuring [32P]cAMP formation for [α-32P]ATP. Treatment of cells with 8-Br-cGMP (0.5 mM) decreased the expression of Giα-2 and Giα-3 by about 30–45%, which was restored towards control levels by KT5823, an inhibitor of protein kinase G. On the other and hand, the levels of Gsα protein were not altered by this treatment. The decreased expression of Giα proteins by 8Br-cGMP treatment was reflected in decreased Gi functions. For example, the inhibition of forskolin (FSK)-stimulated adenylyl cyclase activity by low concentrations of GTPγS (receptor-independent Gi functions) was significantly decreased by 8Br-cGMP treatment. In addition, exposure of the cells to 8Br-cGMP also resulted in the attenuation of angiotensin (Ang) II- and C-ANP4–23 (a ring-deleted analog of atrial natriuretic peptide [ANP]-mediated inhibition of adenylyl cyclase activity (receptor-dependent functions of Gi). On the other hand, Gsα-mediated stimulations of adenylyl cyclase by GTPγS, isoproterenol and FSK were significantly augmented in 8Br-cGMP-treated cells. These results indicated the 8Br-cGMP decreased the expression of Giα proteins and associated functions in VSMCs. From these studies, it can be suggested that 8Br-cGMP-indu.
Ezproxy URL: Link to full text
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences

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