Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scholarhub.balamand.edu.lb/handle/uob/1599
Title: Aerobic Training Suppresses Exercise-induced Lipid Peroxidation and Inflammation in Overweight/Obese Adolescent Girls
Authors: Youssef, Hala
Groussard, Carole
Lemoine-morel, S.
Pincemail, J
Jacob, Christophe 
Moussa, Elie 
Fazah, Abdallah
Cillard, J
Pineau, Jean-Claude
Delamarche, Arlette Gratas
Affiliations: Department of Physical Education 
Department of Physical Education 
Issue Date: 2015
Part of: Pediatric exercise science Journal
Volume: 27
Issue: 1
Start page: 67
End page: 76
Abstract: 
This study aimed to determine whether aerobic training could reduce lipid peroxidation and inflammation at rest and after maximal exhaustive exercise in overweight/obese adolescent girls. Thirty-nine adolescent girls (14-19 years old) were classified as nonobese or overweight/obese and then randomly assigned to either the nontrained or trained group (12-week multivariate aerobic training program). Measurements at the beginning of the experiment and at 3 months consisted of body composition, aerobic fitness (VO2peak) and the following blood assays: pre- and postexercise lipid peroxidation (15F2a-isoprostanes [F2-Isop], lipid hydroperoxide [ROOH], oxidized LDL [ox-LDL]) and inflammation (myeloperoxidase [MPO]) markers. In the overweight/ obese group, the training program significantly increased their fat-free mass (FFM) and decreased their percentage of fat mass (%FM) and hip circumference but did not modify their VO2peak. Conversely, in the nontrained overweight/obese group, weight and %FM increased, and VO2peak decreased, during the same period. Training also prevented exercise-induced lipid peroxidation and/or inflammation in overweight/obese girls (F2-Isop, ROOH, ox-LDL, MPO). In addition, in the trained overweight/obese group, exercise-induced changes in ROOH, ox-LDL and F2-Isop were correlated with improvements in anthropometric parameters (waist-to-hip ratio, %FM and FFM). In conclusion aerobic training increased tolerance to exercise-induced oxidative stress in overweight/obese adolescent girls partly as a result of improved body composition.
URI: https://scholarhub.balamand.edu.lb/handle/uob/1599
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Department of Physical Education

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