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|Title:||ANTIDEPRESSANT MEDICATIONS ARE ASSOCIATED WITH INCREASED RISK OF HOSPITAL-ACQUIRED CLOSTRIDIOIDES DIFFICILE INFECTION: A POPULATION-BASED STUDY||Authors:||Boustany, Antoine
Zeid, Hadi Khaled Abou
|Affiliations:||Faculty of Medicine||Keywords:||Antidepressant medications
Clostridioides difficile infection
|Issue Date:||2023||Publisher:||SciELO||Part of:||Arquivos de gastroenterologia||Volume:||60||Issue:||3||Start page:||309||End page:||314||Abstract:||
Background – During the past decade, Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI) has become the most common cause of antibiotic-associated diarrhea. Several risk factors have been implicated. Scattered evidence about the association of CDI with antidepressant medications use exists in the literature so far. Therefore, we aim to investigate whether the risk of developing CDI is increased in hospitalized patients using antidepressant medications. Methods – Patients who were hospitalized were included in our cohort. We excluded individuals aged less than 18 years.
A multivariate regression analysis was performed to calculate the risk of CDI accounting for potential confounders. Results – The risk of CDI in hospitalized patients was increased in individuals diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease (OR: 4.44; 95%CI: 4.35–4.52), and in patients using clindamycin (OR: 1.55; 95%CI: 1.53–1.57), beta-lactam antibiotics (OR: 1.62; 95%CI: 1.60–1.64), PPI (OR: 3.27; 95%CI: 3.23–3.30), trazodone (OR: 1.31; 95%CI: 1.29–1.33), nortriptyline (OR: 1.25; 95%CI: 1.21–1.28), and
mirtazapine (OR: 2.50; 95%CI: 2.46–2.54). After controlling for covariates, the risk of CDI was not increased in patients who were taking fluoxetine (OR: 0.94; 95%CI: 0.92–0.96). Conclusion – In contrary to fluoxetine; mirtazapine, nortriptyline, and trazodone were associated with increased risk of CDI in hospitalized patients.
|URI:||https://scholarhub.balamand.edu.lb/handle/uob/7070||DOI:||10.1590/S0004-2803.230302023-21||Open URL:||Link to full text||Type:||Journal Article|
|Appears in Collections:||Faculty of Medicine|
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