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Title: Gender variances in (hypo)manic symptoms amongst undiagnosed Lebanese male and female college students
Authors: Abou Maarouf, Nadia
Advisors: Abou Chala, Diar
Keywords: (Hypo)mania, BD I, BD II, HCL-32, DSM V
Subjects: Hypomania
Bipolar disorder--Diagnosis--Lebanon
Bipolar disorder--Psychology
Manic--Depressive illness
Dissertations, Academic
University of Balamand--Dissertations
Issue Date: 2023
Research and knowledge regarding Hypomania, and Mania have been of great interest in the Field of Psychology. For many years, studies have been carried out regarding Symptoms on the Bipolar mood spectrum in the diagnosed population, yet very little has been carried out in the undiagnosed population. This missing piece of information could be vital for Clinicians to ensure a holistic well-being of individuals that are affected by prodromal symptoms or certain set of symptoms. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate the gender rate variances in the prevalence of (Hypo)manic symptoms, their manifestations, and the most common ones amongst the Lebanese undiagnosed college population in the greater Beirut area. These symptoms were assessed using the Hypomanic Checklist– 32. The selected sample size for this study consisted of 124 students of which 58 were males, and 66 were females. The age range was between 18 and 63 years old. All the students completed the questionnaire in English, the language taught in their respective universities. The study's analysis of HCL-32 responses reveals gender-related disparities in the prevalence of (Hypo)manic symptoms among an undiagnosed Lebanese college student population. Females notably displayed symptoms in questions related to work enjoyment, accelerated thinking, and humor usage, whereas males were more apparent in their energy levels, speed of thought, and preference for swift or easy tasks. Both genders showed similarities in inflated self-esteem and optimistic mood as the most manifested symptoms and increased substance use as the least.
The highest gender rate variance emerged in a question probing increased sociability, while the least appeared in the context of flirtatiousness and sexual activity. Notably, inflated self-esteem was the most common symptom across genders. This study offers valuable insights into the manifestation of (Hypo)manic symptoms among undiagnosed Lebanese college students
Includes bibliographical references (p. 71-84)
Rights: This object is protected by copyright, and is made available here for research and educational purposes. Permission to reuse, publish, or reproduce the object beyond the personal and educational use exceptions must be obtained from the copyright holder
Ezproxy URL: Link to full text
Type: Thesis
Appears in Collections:UOB Theses and Projects

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