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Title: Locus of control and learned helplessness : an examination of Lebanon’s young adult population
Authors: Hassoun, Lara
Advisors: Sabieh, Christine
Keywords: Locus of control, learned helplessness, Lebanon, socio-economic adversity, unemployment, sex difference, sex roles, male, female
Subjects: Locus of control
Helplessness (Psychology) in youth--Lebanon
Helplessness, Learned
University of Balamand--Dissertations
Dissertations, Academic
Issue Date: 2023
Since 2019, Lebanon has been severely hit with several social and economic challenges including the drastic decrease in the Lebanese Lira, COVID-19 pandemic, shortage of fuel and medication, and a huge decrease in the minimum wage, in addition to Beirut’s explosion on the 4th of August of 2020. Exposure to continuous challenges of adverse and uncontrollable events may reduce the sense of perceived control over one’s life and
eventually may lead to helplessness. In such adversities, individuals may withdraw from any efforts to change the situation and may just live it, although distressing. The present study investigated the phenomenon of learned helplessness in Lebanon’s young adult population.
The study examined the effect of locus of control on the development learned helplessness, in addition to the effect of sex on both locus of both locus of control and learned helplessness. A convenient sample of 108 Lebanese young adults aged between 21 and 31 residing in Beirut and surrounding areas completed a demographic questionnaire, Rotter’s Locus of Control Scale, and Learned Helplessness Scale. Participants with an external locus of control were more likely to develop learned helplessness than individuals with internal locus of control. In addition, external locus of control and learned helplessness levels did not differ between males and females. The outcome of the study implied that that individuals’ perception of locus of control accounted for variances in learned helplessness. Also, the finding of this study raises the need to think beyond traditional sex-roles and stereotypes and recognize that females may also be stressed out by the financial burdens of the recent adversities in Lebanon.
Includes bibliographical references (p. 90-104)
Rights: This object is protected by copyright, and is made available here for research and educational purposes. Permission to reuse, publish, or reproduce the object beyond the personal and educational use exceptions must be obtained from the copyright holder
Ezproxy URL: Link to full text
Type: Thesis
Appears in Collections:UOB Theses and Projects

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