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Title: The degree of desirability of control, chronic stress, and the likelihood of developing maladaptive coping behaviors in Lebanese college students during the triad of the economic crisis, the COVID-19 pandemic, and the Beirut blast aftermath
Authors: Zouein, Christelle
Advisors: Ward, Therese
Keywords: maladaptive coping behaviors, chronic stress, coping, desirability of control, adaptation, COVID-19, Beirut blast, economic crisis, Lebanon
Subjects: Stress (Psychology)--College students--Lebanon--Case studies
Dissertations, Academic
University of Balamand--Dissertations
Issue Date: 2023
This dissertation’s aim was to examine the effect of chronic stress on Lebanese College students of ages 18 to 25, who are known to be as an ‘at risk’ age group. Chronic stress was studied from the lens of the economic crisis, the COVID-19 pandemic, and the Beirut blast, three crises that have been afflicting Lebanon for the past two years now, placing Lebanese college students in a state of persistent stress and uncertainty about their future. The psychological aftermath of these crises was investigated from a behavioral perspective.
Substance use, maladaptive eating, and self-harm were the proposed maladaptive coping behaviors studied. This study goes on to explore Desirability of Control (DOC), a construct that has received minimal attention in research, as a possible moderator in psychological adaptation and chronic stress.
Four hundred fifteen respondents were assessed on the Perceived stress scale and chronic stress criteria, followed by two inventories exploring the degree and frequency of seeking substance use and maladaptive eating when stressed. In addition, respondents partook in the Self-harm inventory (SHI) and the Desirability of Control scale.
Results indicated that the majority of Lebanese college students have an elevated level of perceived stress and have been enduring chronic stress during these compounded crises, in which more than half of the respondents indicated engaging in one or more maladaptive coping behavior when stressed. Furthermore, the outcomes of this study indicated that a high DOC and a low DOC during chronic stress predicted the risk of developing maladaptive coping behaviors. In contrast, an average DOC was shown to be a helpful level of desired control during uncontrollable stressful events.
Includes bibliographical references (p. 64-71)
Rights: This object is protected by copyright, and is made available here for research and educational purposes. Permission to reuse, publish, or reproduce the object beyond the personal and educational use exceptions must be obtained from the copyright holder
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Type: Thesis
Appears in Collections:UOB Theses and Projects

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