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Title: Al-ʾIlāh et Allāh : les deux noms de Dieu chez les Arabes chrétiens de Najrān au 6e siècle de l’ère chrétienne
Other Titles: الاله والله: اسما الرب عند المسيحيين العرب في نجران في القرن السادس للميلاد
Al-ʾIlāh and Allāh: the two names of God among the Christian Arabs of Najrān in the 6th century CE
Authors: Robin, Christian Julien
Keywords: Al-ʾIlāh
Arabes Chrétiens
6e Siècle
Ere Chrétienne
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: University of Balamand
Part of: Hawliyat
Issue: 19
Start page: 55
End page: 109
This article focuses on Al-Azmeh’s conjoined work on Arabian polytheism and the changes it went through under the Roman Empire and the ecumenism it permitted, whence he draws inferences on the origin of the term Allāh. A study of textual sources from the Najrān area is effected in order to check the validity of Al-Azmeh’s claims. Such sources reveal first that the term al-ʾIlāh appeared in texts from the 5th and 6th centuries, in reference to the God of Christianity. Secondly, they show that certain Syriac texts use the name Allāh as the God of Christians who suffered a massacre in the area. Finally, they uncover the use of the term al-Lāh, used in reference to a polytheistic god venerated in that same region. This triple revelation constitutes the basis for a nuanced reading of Al-Azmeh’s thesis.
Open URL: Link to full text
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Hawliyat

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