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Title: Life cycle assessment of olive oil and the resulting biomass briquettes
Authors: Mansour, Tia
Advisors: Bachawati, Makram El 
Keywords: Life cycle assessment, biomass briquettes, sustainability, environmental impacts, Lebanon
Subjects: Olive oil--Analysis
Olive oil industry--Lebanon
Olive oil--Environmental effects
University of Balamand--Dissertations
Dissertations, Academic
Issue Date: 2023
The value-adding of agricultural and forestry waste by briquetting is one of the most widely used and focused applications in the bioenergy sector in Lebanon, a Mediterranean nation. This study intends to evaluate the environmental effects of olive oil making as well as the biomass briquettes made from olive oil residue. SimaPro software (Analyst version is used along with the IMPACT 2002+ methodology and the ecoinvent (version 3.8). Results show that for the olive oil-making process, bottling of olive oil contributes to more than 80% for almost all impact categories. While for the briquetting, results clearly show that compressing dried olive residue contributes more than 75% to almost all impact categories. For instance, for ozone layer depletion, compressing dried olive residue contributes around 82%, drying the olive residue life cycle stage has an impact of about 17%, and the packaging of the briquette life cycle stage has an impact of around 1%. A sensitivity analysis was done for the glass bottles weight to check the results robustness.
Includes bibliographical references (p. 48-54)
Rights: This object is protected by copyright, and is made available here for research and educational purposes. Permission to reuse, publish, or reproduce the object beyond the personal and educational use exceptions must be obtained from the copyright holder
Type: Thesis
Appears in Collections:UOB Theses and Projects

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