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Title: Recommendations for Early and Comprehensive Management of Type 2 Diabetes and Its Related Cardio-Renal Complications
Authors: Abu-Alfa, Ali K
Atallah, Paola J
Azar, Sami 
Dagher, Elissar C
Echtay, Akram S
El-Amm, Mireille A
Hazkial, Habib G
Kassab, Roland Y
Medlej, Rita C
Mohamad, Malek A
Affiliations: Faculty of Medicine 
Keywords: Cardiovascular risk
Chronic kidney disease
Diabetic complications
Early management
Glycemic control
Nephropathy risk
Type 2 diabetes
Issue Date: 2023-01
Publisher: National Library of Medicine
Part of: Diabetes Therapy
Volume: 14
Issue: 1
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a global health problem accompanied by an elevated risk of complications, the most common being cardiac and renal diseases. In Lebanon, the prevalence of T2D is estimated at 8-13%. Local medical practice generally suffers from clinical inertia, with gaps in the yearly assessment of clinical manifestations and suboptimal screening for major complications. The joint statement presented here, endorsed by five Lebanese scientific medical societies, aims at providing physicians in Lebanon with a tool for early, effective, and comprehensive care of patients with T2D. Findings from major randomized clinical trials of antidiabetic medications with cardio-renal benefits are presented, together with recommendations from international medical societies. Optimal care should be multidisciplinary and should include a multifactorial risk assessment, lifestyle modifications, and a regular evaluation of risks, including the risks for cardiovascular (CV) and renal complications. With international guidelines supporting a shift in T2D management from glucose-lowering agents to disease-modifying drugs, the present statement recommends treatment initiation with metformin, followed by the addition of sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors or glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists due to their CV and renal protection properties, whenever possible. In addition to the selection of the most appropriate pharmacological therapy, efforts should be made to provide continuous education to patients about their disease, with the aim to achieve a patient-centered approach and to foster self-management and adherence to the medical plan. Increasing the level of patient engagement is expected to be associated with favorable health outcomes. Finally, this statement recommends setting an achievable individualized management plan and conducting regular follow-ups to monitor the patients' glycemic status and assess their risks every 3-6 months.
ISSN: 1869-6953
DOI: 10.1007/s13300-022-01340-x
Open URL: Link to full text
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medicine

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