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Title: Rhetorical Hierarchies in France and Syria During the Mandate
Other Titles: التراتبية البلاغية في فرنسا وسوريا خلال حقبة الانتداب
Authors: White, Benjamin
Keywords: France
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: University of Balamand
Part of: Chronos
Issue: 17
Start page: 105
End page: 123
This article examines the ways in which French imperialism in Syria_understood as an interaction involving hath French and Syrians, rather than as an agent in its own right-constructed a hierarchy of civilizations which justified French dominance. This construction took place in the speech and writings of French and Syrians. To describe it I will use the term ḳrhetoric' rather than 'discourse', because the hierarchies under discussion existed purely in words, written and spoken, particularly in the dictionary sense of the word 'rbetoric': to persuade or influence others. Rhetoric here is a subset of 'discourse' in the Foucauldian sense. The practices of the colonial state-the administrative divisions it imposed , the intelligence networks it created, the soldiers it deployed, and much else besides-could all be subsumed to 'discourse' in this wider sense. But the hierarchies discussed here are far more discernible in rhetoric than they are in the other perhaps more concrete aspects of discourse, where French dominance is less the natural order of civilization and more a question of brute (and contested) power.
Open URL: Link to full text
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Chronos

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