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Title: The Patriarchate of Constantinople and the “Reform of the Synod” in the 18th Century Ottoman Context
Other Titles: إصلاح المجمع داخل البطريركية القسطنطينية في سياق القرن الثامن عشر العثماني
Authors: Tellan, Elif Bayraktar
Keywords: Patriarchate of Constantinople
Constantinople (Ecumenical patriarchate)
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: University of Balamand
Part of: Chronos
Issue: 39
Start page: 7
End page: 22
The Orthodox Patriarchate of Constantinople went through a series of changes in the
eighteenth century. By 1763 gerontismos was established, and the Patriarchal seal was
divided into four. As such, the metropolitans of the Holy Synod gained considerable
power in the administration of the Patriarchate vis-à-vis the Patriarchs. The so called
“reform of the Synod” was more than a mere internal struggle among the clergymen
of the Patriarchate and the Phanariots. It was rather related to the Empire-wide
economic developments in connection to the transformation of social roles in the
Ottoman society. In the eighteenth century the collaboration between the Ottoman
administration and ecclesiastical institutions was in rise, and by the time gerontismos
was established, the institutionalization of the Orthodox Church as part of Ottoman
administration had been culminated.
Open URL: Link to full text
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Chronos

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