Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Maternal waterpipe smoke exposure and the risk of asthma and allergic diseases in childhood: A post hoc analysis
Authors: Waked, Mirna
Salameh, Pascale
Affiliations: Faculty of Medicine 
Keywords: Allergy
Cigarette smoke
Waterpipe smoke
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: National Library of Medicine
Part of: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
Volume: 28
Issue: 1
Start page: 147
End page: 156
Introduction: This analysis was conducted with the objective of evaluating association between waterpipe passive smoking exposure and asthma, and allergies among Lebanese children. Material and methods: Data were taken from a crosssectional study on children from public and private schools. A sample of 22 schools participated in the study, where standardized written core questionnaires were distributed. From 5 to 12-year-old students filled in the questionnaires at home, while 13–14-year-old students filled it in in the class. In total, 5522 children were evaluated for the prevalence of asthma, allergic rhinitis and atopic eczema, and their associated factors, including waterpipe exposure due to parents’ smoking. Results: The descriptive results of parental smoking were, as follows: among mothers: 1609 (29%) mothers smoked cigarettes, 385 (7%) smoked waterpipe and 98 (1.8%) smoked both; among fathers: 2449 (44.2%) smoked cigarettes, 573 (10.3%) smoked waterpipe and 197 (3.5%) smoked both. Maternal waterpipe smoking was significantly and moderately associated with allergic diseases (p < 0.001; ORa = 1.71), including probable asthma, rhinitis and dermatitis (p < 0.001 for all). Quite on the opposite, father’s waterpipe smoking was not associated with any of the diseases. Parental cigarette smoking demonstrated some positive effects: father’s cigarette smoking did not show association with dermatitis or asthma diagnosed by a physician, while mother’s cigarette smoking showed a positive association only with probable asthma. Moreover, no interactions between cigarette and waterpipe smoking were observed. Conclusions: Maternal waterpipe smoking should be regarded as a high risk behavior; however, additional studies are necessary to confirm this finding.
ISSN: 12321087
DOI: 10.13075/ijomeh.1896.00316
Open URL: Link to full text
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medicine

Show full item record


checked on Dec 3, 2022

Record view(s)

checked on Dec 7, 2022

Google ScholarTM


Dimensions Altmetric

Dimensions Altmetric

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.