Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scholarhub.balamand.edu.lb/handle/uob/5858
Title: The association between psychotic experiences and disability: results from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys
Authors: Navarro-Mateu, F
Alonso, J
Lim, C C W
Saha, S
Aguilar-Gaxiola, S
Al-Hamzawi, A
Andrade, L H
Bromet, E J
Bruffaerts, R
Chatterji, S
Degenhardt, L
de Girolamo, G
de Jonge, P
Fayyad, J
Florescu, S
Gureje, O
Haro, J M
Hu, C
Karam, Elie G.
Kovess-Masfety, V
Lee, S
Medina-Mora, M E
Ojagbemi, A
Pennell, B-E
Piazza, M
Posada-Villa, J
Scott, K M
Stagnaro, J C
Xavier, M
Kendler, K S
Kessler, R C
McGrath, J J
Affiliations: Faculty of Medicine 
Keywords: World Health Organization
Disability Assessment Schedule
World Mental Health Survey
Disability
Psychotic experiences
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: National Library of Medicine
Part of: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Volume: 136
Issue: 1
Start page: 74
End page: 84
Abstract: 
Objective
While psychotic experiences (PEs) are known to be associated with a range of mental and general medical disorders, little is known about the association between PEs and measures of disability. We aimed to investigate this question using the World Mental Health surveys.

Method
Lifetime occurrences of 6 types of PEs were assessed along with 21 mental disorders and 14 general medical conditions. Disability was assessed with a modified version of the WHO Disability Assessment Schedule. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression models were used to investigate the association between PEs and high disability scores (top quartile) with various adjustments.

Results
Respondents with PEs were more likely to have top quartile scores on global disability than respondents without PEs (19.1% vs. 7.5%; χ2 = 190.1, p<.001) as well as greater likelihood of cognitive, social, and role impairment. Relationships persisted in each adjusted model. A significant dose-response relationship was also found for the PE type measures with most of these outcomes.

Conclusions
Psychotic experiences are associated with disability measures with a dose response relationship. These results are consistent with the view that PEs are associated with disability regardless of the presence of comorbid mental or general medical disorders.
URI: https://scholarhub.balamand.edu.lb/handle/uob/5858
ISSN: 0001690X
DOI: 10.1111/acps.12749
Open URL: Link to full text
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medicine

Show full item record

SCOPUSTM   
Citations

46
checked on Dec 3, 2022

Record view(s)

5
checked on Dec 7, 2022

Google ScholarTM

Check

Dimensions Altmetric

Dimensions Altmetric


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.