Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scholarhub.balamand.edu.lb/handle/uob/5765
Title: Comparing cigarette smoking knowledge and attitudes among smokers and non-smokers
Authors: Haddad, Chadia
Sacre, Hala
Hajj, Aline
Lahoud, Nathalie
Akiki, Zeina
Akel, Marwan
Saade, Danielle
Zeidan, Rouba Karen
Farah, Rita
Hallit, Souheil
Salameh, Pascale
Affiliations: Faculty of Health Sciences 
Keywords: Attitudes
Cigarette
Knowledge
Smokers
Smoking
Tobacco
Issue Date: 2020
Part of: Environmental Science and Pollution Research
Volume: 27
Issue: 16
Start page: 19352
End page: 19362
Abstract: 
Smoking prevalence in Lebanon was reported by the World Health Organization to be 43%, which is among the highest rates in the Arab nation. The objectives of this study were to assess cigarette smoking knowledge and attitude among smokers and non-smokers using validated scales in the Lebanese general population and evaluate their association with current cigarette smoking; a secondary objective is to assess the dose effect relationship of knowledge and attitude with cumulative smoking. This cross-sectional took place between May and December 2018, and enrolled a sample of 2623 participants, representative from all Lebanese governorates. A questionnaire about knowledge of the harmful effects of tobacco and attitude toward smoking bans retrieved from other studies was used to collect data. Male gender (ORa = 0.75), having a low monthly income (ORa = 1.56) and a higher passive smoking score (ORa = 1.25), were significantly associated with higher odds of being current smokers. Higher knowledge score (ORa = 0.97) and positive attitude toward smoking ban score (ORa = 0.94) were significantly associated with lower odds of being current smokers. In addition, increased age (ß = 15.21) and higher passive smoking score (ß = 26.58) were significantly associated with higher cumulative cigarette smoking. More positive attitude toward smoking ban score (ß = - 6.51) and having a university degree (ß = - 68.35) were significantly associated with lower cumulative cigarette smoking. Higher knowledge about the smoking-related health problems and better attitudes toward smoking ban were observed among non-smokers compared to smokers. It is important to increase awareness campaigns and to propose effective interventions to put in place an adequate culture of smoking cessation among the general population.
URI: https://scholarhub.balamand.edu.lb/handle/uob/5765
ISSN: 09441344
DOI: 10.1007/s11356-020-08162-z
Open URL: Link to full text
Type: Journal Article
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