Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scholarhub.balamand.edu.lb/handle/uob/5753
Title: Validation of geriatric depression and anxiety rating scales into Arabic
Authors: Karam, Georges Elie
Khandakji, Mohannad Nawaf
Sahakian, Nayri Sarkis
Dandan, Jessica Christian
Karam, Elie Georges
Affiliations: Faculty of Medicine 
Faculty of Medicine 
Keywords: Arabic
CSDD
Dementia
Depression
Scales
Validation
Issue Date: 2018
Part of: Alzheimer's and Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment and Disease Monitoring
Volume: 10
Start page: 791
End page: 795
Abstract: 
Introduction
This study aimed to examine the validity and internal consistency of Arabic version of the Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia (A-CSDD) and compare it to the Geriatric Depression and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scales.

Methods
Hundred fifty individuals were recruited; they underwent a clinical interview and filled the A-CSDD, Geriatric Depression Scale, and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. The depression rating scales were validated against the Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual disorders.

Results
A-CSDD found to have sensitivity of 70%, specificity of 91%, and internal consistency of 0.89. The presence of depression was significantly associated with dementia. The associations of the A-CSDD with Arabic Geriatric Depression Scale (r: 0.3) and Arabic Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (r: 0.4) were lower in the demented group than in the nondemented group (r: 0.7 and 0.8, respectively).

Conclusion
The diagnosis of depression in the context of dementia may be challenging. With this validated version, clinicians now have a tool helping them with the diagnosis.
URI: https://scholarhub.balamand.edu.lb/handle/uob/5753
ISSN: 2352-8729
DOI: 10.1016/j.dadm.2018.06.006
Open URL: Link to full text
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medicine

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