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Title: Psychotic experiences and religiosity: data from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys
Authors: Kovess-Masfety, V.
Saha, S.
Lim, C. C.W.
Aguilar-Gaxiola, S.
Al-Hamzawi, A.
Alonso, J.
Borges, G.
de Girolamo, G.
de Jonge, P.
Demyttenaere, K.
Florescu, S.
Haro, J. M.
Hu, C.
Karam, E. G.
Kawakami, N.
Lee, S.
Lepine, J. P.
Navarro-Mateu, F.
Stagnaro, J. C.
ten Have, M.
Viana, M. C.
Kessler, R. C.
McGrath, J. J.
Al-Kaisy, Salih
Andrade, Helena
Benjet, Corina
Bruffaerts, Ronny
Bunting, Brendan
de, A.
Cardoso, Graça
Chatterji, Somnath
Cia, Alfredo H.
Degenhardt, Louisa
Fayyad, John
Gureje, Oye
He, Yanling
Hinkov, Hristo
Hu, Chi Yi
Huang, Yueqin
Karam, Nasser
Kiejna, Andrzej
Levinson, Daphna
Medina-Mora, Elena
Mneimneh, Zeina
Moskalewicz, Jacek
Pennell, Beth Ellen
Piazza, Marina
Posada-Villa, Jose
Scott, Kate M.
Slade, Tim
Stein, Dan J.
Torres, Yolanda
Whiteford, Harvey
Williams, David R.
Wojtyniak, Bogdan
Affiliations: Faculty of Medicine 
Keywords: Epidemiology
Psychotic experiences
World Mental Health Survey
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: National Library of Medicine
Part of: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Volume: 137
Issue: 4
Start page: 306
End page: 315
Objectives: Religiosity is often associated with better health outcomes. The aim of the study was to examine associations between psychotic experiences (PEs) and religiosity in a large, cross-national sample. Methods: A total of 25 542 adult respondents across 18 countries from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys were assessed for PEs, religious affiliation and indices of religiosity, DSM-IV mental disorders and general medical conditions. Logistic regression models were used to estimate the association between PEs and religiosity with various adjustments. Results: Of 25 542 included respondents, 85.6% (SE = 0.3) (n = 21 860) respondents reported having a religious affiliation. Overall, there was no association between religious affiliation status and PEs. Within the subgroup having a religious affiliation, four of five indices of religiosity were significantly associated with increased odds of PEs (odds ratios ranged from 1.3 to 1.9). The findings persisted after adjustments for mental disorders and/or general medical conditions, as well as religious denomination type. There was a significant association between increased religiosity and reporting more types of PEs. Conclusions: Among individuals with religious affiliations, those who reported more religiosity on four of five indices had increased odds of PEs. Focussed and more qualitative research will be required to unravel the interrelationship between religiosity and PEs.
ISSN: 0001690X
DOI: 10.1111/acps.12859
Open URL: Link to full text
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medicine

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