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Title: Predictors of past quit attempts and length of abstinence among waterpipe smokers in Lebanon
Authors: Layoun, Nelly
Hallit, Souheil
Waked, Mirna
Bacha, Zeina Aoun
Leveque, Alain
Dramaix, Michele
Salameh, Pascale
Affiliations: Faculty of Medicine 
Keywords: Intention
Length of abstinence
Quit attempt
Issue Date: 2018-01-01
Part of: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research
Volume: 12
Issue: 10
Start page: LC04
End page: LC08
Objective: Despite the widespread awareness of the harms of smoking, millions continue to smoke around the world partly due to the difficulty it takes to quit smoking. Identifying the factors associated with making quit attempts is an essential pillar to reach successful quitting. The purpose of this study is to assess the factors associated with the past quit attempts and their past length of abstinence in a Lebanese sample of cigarette smokers.

Methods: This study was conducted between March 2014 and March 2015, involving 382 patients randomly chosen from 5 outpatient clinics in 5 hospitals in Lebanon. A standardized questionnaire was completed including socio-demographic characteristics, smoking behavior, chronic respiratory symptoms, Fagerstrom scale, Mondor scale, packaging perception, quitting behavior and readiness to quit ladder.

Results: Smokers who have chronic allergies (ORa = 2.45, p = 0.03), those who have ever stopped smoking for at least one month due to the warnings implemented on the packages (ORa = 4.6, p < 0.0001) and smokers with an intention to quit in 2 months (ORa = 2.49, p < 0.0001) had significantly more past quit attempts.

Results: Furthermore, longer quit attempts duration (more than 1 month) were significantly associated with low-nicotine dependent smokers (ORa = 0.56, p = 0.02), higher-motivated smokers (ORa = 1.85, p = 0.01), people with chronic allergies (ORa = 2.07, p = 0.02), smokers who have ever stopped smoking for at least one month due to the warnings (ORa = 3.72, p < 0.0001) and those with an intention to quit in 2 months (ORa = 1.98, p = 0.05).

Conclusion: The promoters of smoking cessation services should consider these factors when designing comprehensive tobacco control initiatives and in service planning.
ISSN: 2249782X
DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2018/34524.12157
Open URL: Link to full text
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medicine

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