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|Title:||Characterisation of HvVIP1 and expression profile analysis of stress response regulators in barley under Agrobacterium and Fusarium infections||Authors:||El Sarraf, Nadia
McGuffin, Liam J
|Affiliations:||Issam Fares Faculty of Technology||Issue Date:||2019||Publisher:||National Library of Medicine||Part of:||PLoS ONE||Volume:||14||Issue:||6||Abstract:||
Arabidopsis thaliana's VirE2-Interacting Protein 1 (VIP1) interacts with Agrobacterium tumefaciens VirE2 protein and regulates stress responses and plant immunity signaling occurring downstream of the Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase (MPK3) signal transduction pathway. In this study, a full-length cDNA of 972bp encoding HvVIP1 was obtained from barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) leaves. A corresponding 323 amino acid poly-peptide was shown to carry the conserved bZIP (Basic Leucine Zipper) domain within its 157th and 223rd amino acid residue. 13 non-synonymous SNPs were spotted within the HvVIP1 bZIP domain sequence when compared with AtVIP1. Moreover, minor differences in the bZIP domain locations and lengths were noted when comparing Arabidopsis thaliana and Hordeum vulgare VIP1 proteins through the 3D models, structural domain predictions and disorder prediction profiling. The expression of HvVIP1 was stable in barley tissues infected by pathogen (whether Agrobacterium tumefaciens or Fusarium culmorum), but was induced at specific time points. We found a strong correlation between the transcript accumulation of HvVIP1 and barley PR- genes HvPR1, HvPR4 and HvPR10, but not with HvPR3 and HvPR5, probably due to low induction of those particular genes. In addition, a gene encoding for a member of the barley MAPK family, HvMPK1, showed significantly higher expression after pathogenic infection of barley cells. Collectively, our results might suggest that early expression of PR genes upon infection in barley cells play a pivotal role in the Agrobacterium-resistance of this plant.
|URI:||https://scholarhub.balamand.edu.lb/handle/uob/5647||DOI:||10.1371/journal.pone.0218120||Open URL:||Link to full text||Type:||Journal Article|
|Appears in Collections:||Department of Agriculture and Food Engineering Technology|
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