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Title: The impact of textual and pictorial warnings on tumbac (waterpipe tobacco) boxes on the motivation and intention to quit waterpipe smoking in Lebanon: a cross-sectional study
Authors: Hallit, Souheil
Layoun, Nelly
Malaeb, Diana
Outayek, Miguella
Boueid, Marie-Josée
Waked, Mirna
Bacha, Zeina Aoun
Salameh, Pascale
Affiliations: Faculty of Medicine 
Keywords: Intention to quit
Pictorial warning
Textual warning
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Elsevier
Part of: Environmental Science and Pollution Research
Volume: 26
Issue: 36
Start page: 36647
End page: 36657
Few published studies have examined the impact of waterpipe tobacco pictorial health warnings worldwide but none of these papers assessed the motivation and intention to quit among Lebanese waterpipe smokers. To examine factors associated with the motivation and intention to quit waterpipe smoking (WS) in Lebanon, particularly the impact of textual vs. pictorial warnings on tumbac boxes. A cross-sectional study was conducted between January and May 2018, involving 520 participants. Having smokers at work (OR = 0.92) and increasing number of waterpipes per week (ORa = 0.94) were associated with decreased motivation to quit WS. Thinking that shocking images on tumbac packages would have more effect than textual warnings (ORa = 2.96) and those who would change the tumbac if the company decides to change the look of the box with shocking images about health damage (ORa = 1.98) were significantly associated with increased motivation to quit WS. Having a high motivation (ORa = 2.61), thinking that using shocking images on tumbac boxes can have more effect than textual warnings (ORa = 2.12), those who stopped smoking because of the warnings (ORa = 2.62), those who would choose pictorial warnings alone (ORa = 2.11), and both pictorial and textual warnings (ORa = 3.41) on tumbac packages were associated with higher intention to quit WS in two months. Pictorial and textual warnings on tumbac packs were associated with higher intention and motivation to stop WS. Public health education programs for this purpose seem warranted.
ISSN: 09441344
DOI: 10.1007/s11356-019-06801-8
Ezproxy URL: Link to full text
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medicine

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