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Title: Diagnosis and Management of Invasive Candida Infections in Critically Ill Patients
Authors: Zakhem, Aline El
Istambouli, Rachid
Jabbour, Jean-Francois
Hindy, Joya-Rita
Gharamti, Amal
Kanj, Souha S
Affiliations: Faculty of Medicine 
Keywords: Diagnostic criteria
Invasive candidiasis
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: National Library of Medicine
Part of: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Volume: 43
Issue: 1
Start page: 46
End page: 59
Invasive candidiasis (IC) has become a serious problem in the intensive care unit patients with an attributable mortality rate that can reach up to 51%. Multiple global surveillance studies have shown an increasing incidence of candidemia. Despite their limited sensitivity (21-71%), cultures remain the gold standard for the diagnosis of IC associated with candidemia. Many adjunct laboratory tests exist to support or rule out the diagnosis, each with its indications and limitations, including procalcitonin, 1,3-β-D-glucan, mannan and anti-mannan antibodies, and Candida albicans germ tube antibody. In addition, polymerase chain reaction-based methods could expedite species identification in positive blood cultures, helping in guiding early empirical antifungal therapy. The management of IC in critically ill patients can be classified into prophylactic, preemptive, empiric, and directed/targeted therapy of a documented infection. There is no consensus concerning the benefit of prophylactic therapy in critically ill patients. While early initiation of appropriate therapy in confirmed IC is an important determinant of survival, the selection of candidates and drug of choice for empirical systemic antifungal therapy is more controversial. The choice of antifungal agents is determined by many factors, including the host, the site of infection, the species of the isolated Candida, and its susceptibility profile. Echinocandins are considered initial first-line therapy agents. Due to the conflicting results of the various studies on the benefit of preemptive therapy for critically ill patients and the lack of robust evidence, the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) omitted this category from its updated guidelines and the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine (ESICM) and the Critically Ill Patients Study Group of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ESCMID) do not recommend it.
ISSN: 10693424
DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1741009
Ezproxy URL: Link to full text
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medicine

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