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Title: Forecasting Posttreatment Outcome of Hallux Valgus Surgery Patients
Authors: Sawah, Amjad
Zemenova, Stepanka
Haque, Russel
Ridley, David
Abboud, Rami 
Wang, Weijie
Harrold, Fraser
Affiliations: Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering 
Keywords: Forecasting operative outcome
Functional outcome after hallux valgus surgery
Hallux valgus
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: National Library of Medicine
Part of: Foot & Ankle International
Volume: 42
Issue: 9
Start page: 1144
End page: 1152
Despite advancements in operative techniques and the extraordinary number of procedures described for correcting hallux valgus (HV), there is still uncertainty as to why some patients thrive postoperatively whereas others do not. This study aimed to investigate whether the postoperative outcome of HV surgery could be predicted from patient demographics or functional impairment at the time of referral.

The prospectively collected data, from 92 patients, were analyzed to determine whether patient demographics significantly influenced outcome 52 weeks after surgery. Potential relationships between socioeconomic deprivation and the outcome, as well as between preoperative functional impairment and postoperative improvement, were examined. The Manchester Oxford Foot Questionnaire (MOXFQ) and Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation (SIMD) were used in this evaluation.

None of the demographics studied were found to be statistically significant determinants of outcome. Preoperative MOXFQ scores for patients from the most deprived areas were significantly worse at the time of referral. Patients living in the least deprived postcodes experienced the lowest improvement in MOXFQ scores. Patients from the most deprived SIMD quintile achieved significantly higher improvement in MOXFQ–walking and standing compared to those from the least deprived quintile. A strong positive correlation was found between the preoperative MOXFQ scores and the improvement in the scores postoperatively.

In this patient cohort, demographics could not be used to predict the postoperative outcome at week 52. Socioeconomic disparities seem to influence the timing of patients seeking surgery. Lower preoperative MOXFQ scores strongly correlate with a lesser degree of postoperative improvement.
ISSN: 10711007
DOI: 10.1177/10711007211002498
Ezproxy URL: Link to full text
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

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