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Title: The Interplay Between Nutrition, Metabolic, and Endocrine Disorders in Chronic Kidney Disease
Authors: Mahmoud, Tala
Borgi, Lea
Affiliations: Faculty of Medicine 
Keywords: Chronic kidney disease
Endocrine disorders
Metabolic disorders
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: National Library of Medicine
Part of: Seminars in nephrology
Volume: 41
Issue: 2
Start page: 180
End page: 188
The kidneys are responsible for maintaining our bodies' homeostasis through excretion, biodegradation, and synthesis of different hormones. Therefore, a decline in renal function often results in significant derangements in hormone levels. The most common metabolic and endocrine abnormalities seen in patients with chronic kidney disease include deficiencies in erythropoietin, calcitriol, triiodothyronine, testosterone, and estrogen. In addition, accumulation of hormones such as adiponectin, leptin, triglycerides, and prolactin also is seen. Subsequently, this can lead to the development of a wide range of clinical consequences including but not limited to anemia, hyperparathyroidism, insulin resistance, anorexia-cachexia, infertility, bone disorders, and cardiovascular diseases. These disorders can negatively affect the prognosis and quality of life of patients with chronic kidney disease, and, thus, early diagnosis, nutritional intervention, and pharmacologic treatment is imperative.
ISSN: 02709295
DOI: 10.1016/j.semnephrol.2021.03.012
Open URL: Link to full text
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medicine

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