Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scholarhub.balamand.edu.lb/handle/uob/5259
Title: Mechanisms of Immunotoxicity: Stressors and Evaluators
Authors: Bou Zerdan, Maroun
Moussa, Sara
Atoui, Ali
Assi, Hazem I
Affiliations: Faculty of Medicine 
Keywords: Allergies
Chemicals
Cigarette smoke
Hypersensitivities
Immune system
Immunotoxicity
Microbiota
Stressors
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: National Library of Medicine
Part of: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume: 22
Issue: 15
Abstract: 
The immune system defends the body against certain tumor cells and against foreign agents such as fungi, parasites, bacteria, and viruses. One of its main roles is to distinguish endogenous components from non-self-components. An unproperly functioning immune system is prone to primary immune deficiencies caused by either primary immune deficiencies such as genetic defects or secondary immune deficiencies such as physical, chemical, and in some instances, psychological stressors. In the manuscript, we will provide a brief overview of the immune system and immunotoxicology. We will also describe the biochemical mechanisms of immunotoxicants and how to evaluate immunotoxicity.
URI: https://scholarhub.balamand.edu.lb/handle/uob/5259
ISSN: 16616596
DOI: 10.3390/ijms22158242
Open URL: Link to full text
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medicine

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