Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scholarhub.balamand.edu.lb/handle/uob/5237
Title: Knowledge, practice pattern and attitude toward asthma management amongst physicians from Nepal, Malaysia, Lebanon, Myanmar and Morocco
Authors: Chokhani, Ramesh
Razak, Abdul
Waked, Mirna
Naing, Win
Bakhatar, Abdelaziz
Khorani, Urvi
Gaur, Vaibhav
Gogtay, Jaideep
Affiliations: Faculty of Medicine 
Keywords: Devices
Survey
Adherence
Diagnosis
Prevalence
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Online
Part of: Journal of Asthma
Volume: 58
Issue: 7
Start page: 979
End page: 989
Abstract: 
Objective
This survey aimed to understand the physicians’ practice pattern and challenges faced while treating their patients with asthma in five countries-Malaysia, Nepal, Myanmar, Morocco and Lebanon.

Methods
Questionnaire-based data was gathered from internal medicine doctors (209), general practitioners (206), chest physicians (152) and pediatricians (58) from 232 locations from across the five countries.

Results
Of the 816 physicians, 374 physicians encountered at least 5 asthma patients daily. Approximately, 38% physicians always used spirometry for diagnosis and only 12% physicians always recommended Peak flow meter (PFM) for home-monitoring. Salmeterol/fluticasone (71%) followed by formoterol/budesonide (38%) were the most preferred ICS/long-acting beta2-agonists (LABA); Salbutamol (78%) was the most preferred reliever medication. 60% physicians said >40% of their patients were apprehensive to use inhalers. 72% physicians preferred a pressurized metered-dose inhaler (pMDI) to a dry powder inhaler (DPI) with only a third of them using a spacer with the pMDI. 71% physicians believed that using similar device for controller and reliever can be beneficial to patients. Skipping medicines in absence of symptoms (64%), incorrect inhaler technique (48%) and high cost of medication (49%) were considered as major reasons for non-adherence by most physicians. Incorrect inhaler technique (66%) and nonadherence (59%) were considered the most common causes of poor asthma control.

Conclusions
There are opportunities to improve the use of diagnostic and monitoring tools for asthma. Non-adherence, incorrect inhaler technique and cost remain a challenge to achieve good asthma control. Asthma education, including correct demonstration of inhaler, can potentially help to improve inhaler adherence.
URI: https://scholarhub.balamand.edu.lb/handle/uob/5237
ISSN: 02770903
DOI: 10.1080/02770903.2020.1742351
Ezproxy URL: Link to full text
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medicine

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