Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scholarhub.balamand.edu.lb/handle/uob/5233
Title: Depression and anxiety in patients from Lebanon with new onset functional seizures
Authors: Nawfal, Omar
Nasreddine, Wassim
Hmaimess, Ghassan
Dassouki, Mohamad
Beydoun, Ayman
Toufaili, Hassan
Wazne, Jaafar
Dirani, Maya
Beydoun, Ahmad
Affiliations: Faculty of Medicine 
Keywords: Anxiety
Cross cultural
Depressions
Dissociative seizures
Functional seizure
PNES
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Elsevier
Part of: Seizure
Volume: 88
Start page: 22
End page: 28
Abstract: 
Objectives
To prospectively compare the frequencies of depression and anxiety in patients with new onset functional seizures versus two age and gender-matched control groups consisting of patients with new onset epileptic seizures and normal individuals.

Methods
Consecutive patients, 16 years and older, enrolled in a prospective study for suspected new onset epileptic seizures and diagnosed with documented functional seizures were included. We compared the depression and state and trait anxiety scores using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) between patients with functional seizures and the other two control groups.

Results
The 33 patients with functional seizures had significantly higher depression and anxiety scores compared to those with epileptic seizures and normal controls. Twenty patients (60.6%) in the functional seizures group scored in the “depression” range compared to 5/33 (15.2%) in the epileptic seizures and 1/33 (3%) in the control groups. In the functional seizures group, 14/33 (42.4%) had scores in the “state anxiety” range compared to 6/33 (18.2%) and 2/33 (6.1%) in the epileptic seizures and normal control groups, respectively. Similarly, 15/33 (51.5%) of patients in the functional seizures group had scores in the “trait anxiety” range compared to 4/33 (12.1%) and 1/33 (3%) in the epileptic seizures and normal control groups, respectively.

Conclusions
Our results indicate that patients with new onset functional seizures frequently suffer from depression and anxiety at the time of their initial evaluation. These findings underscore the importance of screening for depression and anxiety in that patient population.
URI: https://scholarhub.balamand.edu.lb/handle/uob/5233
ISSN: 10591311
DOI: 10.1016/j.seizure.2021.03.014
Ezproxy URL: Link to full text
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medicine

Show full item record

Record view(s)

15
checked on Aug 13, 2022

Google ScholarTM

Check

Dimensions Altmetric

Dimensions Altmetric


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.