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Title: Biodiesel production over CaO supported on silica nanopowder
Authors: Yazbek, Ali
Chaarani, Nour Al
Advisors: Estephane, Jane 
Subjects: Heterogeneous catalysis
Biodiesel fuels
Issue Date: 2015
Petroleum reserves are limited; therefore researchers focus their attention on modern renewable technology known as bio-energy conversion. Vegetable oil is one of the biomass resources obtained from plant. Biodiesel, eco-friendly fuel, is manufactured using catalysts. Calcium oxide is a candidate of heterogeneous catalyst from an economical point of view. The purpose of this project is to produce biodiesel via transesterification reaction of soybean oil and methanol using CaO supported on silica nanopowder (snp). The catalysts were calcined at 700oC for 5 hrs. In the present work, the characterization of the prepared catalyst by N2 sorption and XRD were done. All the reactions were performed in batch laboratory scale at 60 o C and for 4 hrs. The reaction conditions were optimized using the CaO/Snp catalyst and by changing the amount of catalyst and the reaction time. The highest biodiesel yield (94.3%) was obtained with 10 wt % of catalyst, 60 wt% loading of active phase and 8 hours reaction time.
Includes bibliographical references (p. 27-28).

Supervised by Dr. Jane Estephane.
Rights: This object is protected by copyright, and is made available here for research and educational purposes. Permission to reuse, publish, or reproduce the object beyond the personal and educational use exceptions must be obtained from the copyright holder
Ezproxy URL: Link to full text
Type: Project
Appears in Collections:UOB Theses and Projects

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