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Title: Extraction of Squalene from olive oil
Authors: Bakhos, Charlie
Romanos, Christina
Chahal, Hassan
Advisors: Zakhem, Henri El 
Subjects: Extraction (Chemistry)
Issue Date: 2014
Squalene is a valuable component of the oil composed of 30 carbon atoms and is mainly used for cosmetic materials. The aim of this project is to study different techniques used for the extraction of Squalene from commercial olive oil and to compare the obtained quantities of Squalene between the three types of oil studied. The purpose of this report is to find Squalene in the Lebanese olive oil. For this purpose, three extraction methods, the esterification, the Soxhlet and the crystallization were studied and the experiments showed different quantities of Squalene in the different samples of oil under study By comparing the results, it is found that the Lebanese oil contains Squalene and the Soxhlet method is the most effective between the three methods extracting about 6.1E-04 grams of Squalene per grams of olive oil. The quality of Lebanese virgin olive oil is very satisfying regarding the Squalene content especially if compared with other Mediterranean olive oils and this is of great importance to the cosmetic and other industries. Lebanon can greatly benefit from Squalene extraction due to the presence of excess amounts of oil in the market that are threatened by the competition with the cheaper foreign oil.
Includes bibliographical references (p.45-46).

Supervised by Dr. Henri El Zakhem.
Rights: This object is protected by copyright, and is made available here for research and educational purposes. Permission to reuse, publish, or reproduce the object beyond the personal and educational use exceptions must be obtained from the copyright holder
Ezproxy URL: Link to full text
Type: Project
Appears in Collections:UOB Theses and Projects

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